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Sunday, April 10, 2011

Boys In Blue From Woodstock, 1861-1865

This year marks the 150th Anniversary of the Civil War, 1861-1865. Many battle reenactments, special events, presentations, displays, and other activities are planned during the next four years. In "Along Spain Creek" will be found, in weeks to come, special tributes to the men of the area who took up arms in defense of the Union.


Boys In Blue From Woodstock

Long before the opening shots of the Civil War were fired upon the United States Fort Sumter, South Carolina, rumors of pending war had spread across the land. Heated arguments for and against dissolution of the Republic were heard in the North, South, East and West. Newspaper editorials screamed for war at all costs. Representatives and Senators in the U.S. Congress shouted in support of the Union, or for its destruction. Great were the threats.

In many states, calls went out for volunteers to enlist in militias to be prepared to defend the homeland. Even in the North, in places like Ohio, the fiery rhetoric and strong emotions had compelled patriotic men to enlist for the cause.

Woodstock, a tiny hamlet in Rush Township, Champaign County, was home primarily to farmers...men, women and children who worked the soil, planted and harvested crops, and tended livestock. But these were also Americans...Unionists...who believed it was necessary to protect the nation and to defend the integrity of the Constitution. They answered the call to enlist - in small numbers at first, but in ever increasing numbers as the nation was torn asunder during the years of conflict. They were young and old, farmers and farm hands, carpenters, clerks, harness makers, blacksmiths, even doctors. They were of English, Irish, Scottish, German, Dutch, and other heritages. They were Protestant and Catholic. They were patriots who chose to wear the Union blue. And for four long years they fought to preserve the Union. Here are some of their stories.

Lucas Burnham (1836-1863) enlisted on August 8, 1862, at the age of 26. He was a private in Company G, 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He was wounded in battle, and died on July 22, 1863 in a field hospital at Walnut Hills, Mississippi. He is buried in the old section of Woodstock Cemetery, Row 30, Grave 3.

Philo Burnham (1823-1903) enlisted on May 2, 1864, as a Captain in Company D, 134th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He served for ninety days, and was mustered out on August 31, 1864. He is buried in the old section, Row 11, Grave 2.

David H. Chatfield (1833-1869) was a carpenter prior to his enlistment as a private in 113th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He served in both Company E, and Company H. He mustered out of service at the rank of lieutenant. He is buried in the old section, Row 43, Grave 18.

George W. Clark enlisted at age 28 as a private, Company G, 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, on August 4, 1862. He was wounded at the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, on August 30, 1862. He was transferred to the Veterans Reserve Corps on December 17, 1863. He mustered out as a sergeant on July 1, 1865. He is buried in the old section of the cemetery, Row 18, Grave 18.

Oliver P. Colwell, (1832-1872) a farmer, enlisted as a 2nd lieutenant with Company G, 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in Columbus, Ohio. He was later promoted to 1st lieutenant. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for bravery under fire at the Battle of Nashville, Tennessee, December 16, 1864. He mustered out as a Captain. He is buried in a prominently-marked grave site in the old section of the cemetery.

Edwin S. Crawford (1839-1862) enlisted as a private in Company F, 6th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He died in a Nashville, Tennessee, hospital. He is buried in the old section, Row 31, Grave 3.

William P. Crawford (1844-1862) enlisted at age 18 as a private on August 2, 1862, in Company G, 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He was wounded in the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, on August 30, 1862. He died of those wounds on September 5, 1862. A special memorial has been placed for him in the old section of the cemetery.

Charles A. Cushman (1840-1931) enlisted as a private in Company B, 2nd Ohio Cavalry, at the age of 28. He mustered out of service on February 16, 1865. He is buried in the old section, Row 21, Grave 3.

Warren S. Cushman (1845- ?) enlisted at age 19 as a private in Company D, 134th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He served until August 31, 1864. He is buried in the old section, Row 23, Grave 4.

Zachary Taylor Darrow enlisted at age 19 as a private, Company A, 60th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He served from April 14 - May 9 1864. He was discharged at Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia. He is buried in the old section, Row 27, Grave 5.

Harrison Davis (1832-1863) enlisted as a private in Company H, 66th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, on October 2, 1862. He was 19 years of age. He was progressively promoted to corporal, then sergeant, then 2nd lieutenant, then 1st lieutenant. He was killed in action at the Battle of Ringold (Taylor's Ridge) on November 27, 1863. He is buried in the old section of the cemetery, Row 29, Grave 3.

Newton Ellsworth (1843-1869) enlisted at age 21 as a private, Company G, 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, on August 8, 1862. He was transferred to the Veterans Reserve Corps on November 20, 1863. He mustered out at Cairo, Illinois, on July 13, 1865. He is buried in the old section, Row 40, Grave 11.

Orra Fairchilds (died in 1871) enlisted as a private, age 28, on December 22, 1861, with Company H, 66th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.  He served through the end of the war, and was discharged as a First Sergeant on July 15, 1865.  He is buried in the old section, Row 40, Grave 23.

James L. Funk enlisted as a corporal, age 32, on Jun 9, 1864. He reenlisted on October 17, 1864. He was promoted to Sergeant on December 13, 1864. He mustered out of service at Salisbury, North Carolina, on July 17, 1865. He is buried in the old section of the cemetery, Row 38, Grave 15.

George H. Gifford (died in 1868) enlisted as a private on February 5, 1864. He reenlisted on May 6, 1864, and was mustered out at Camp Chase, Ohio, on August 31, 1864. He is buried in the old section, Row 14, Grave 5.

James Gragg (1833-1891) enlisted as a private in Company A, 73rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, on November 9, 1861. He was 26 years of age. He was mustered out due to disability on October 18, 1862. He is buried in the old section, Row 29, Grave 1.

Erastus Guy (1836-1917) enlisted at age 25 as a private, Company A, 13th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, May 3 1861. His 90-day enlistment expired August 18, 1861. He is buried in the old section, Row 44, Grave 13.

Nicholas P. Hewitt (1832-1901) enlisted as a musician on October 23, 1861, at the age of 25. He was mustered out of service on July 5, 1862. He is buried in the old section, Row 15, Grave 12.

John G. Hoisington enlisted as a private in Company A, 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, on September 1, 1861. He was discharged as a corporal on October 10, 1864. He is buried in the old section of the cemetery, Row 28, Grave 8.

Harvey A. Kimball (1827-1910) enlisted as a private, age 38, on February 5, 1864. He reenlisted on May 13, 1864. He was mustered out of service on September 8, 1864, at Camp Dennison, Ohio. He is buried in the old section, Row 35, Grave 22.

Samuel A. McAdow (1822-1904) enlisted in Company H, 18th U. S. Regular Infantry, as a sergeant. He is buried in the old section, Row 47, Grave 13.

John McCumber (1828-1865) Enlisted in Company G, 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, August 18, 1862. He was captured on June 10, 1864, at the Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Mississippi. He was held as a prisoner of war at the notorious Andersonville Prison. He died on April 2, 1865, shortly after being released and returned home. He is buried in the old section, Row 29, Grave 2.

James M. McMahill (1849-1883) enlisted at age 18 on February 4, 1864. He reenlisted on May 6, 1864. He was mustered out at Camp Chase, Ohio, on August 31, 1864. He is buried in the old section of the cemetery, Row 37, Grave 7.

Eliphas Meacham (1842-1926) was 19 years of age when he enlisted in the 2nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry on September 1, 1861. He was discharged for disability, but was determined to fight for the Union. He enlisted in Company D, 134th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and served from May 6 - August 31, 1864. He mustered out as a private. He is buried in the old section, Row 9, Grave 2.

George Riddle (1845-1923) enlisted at age 18 in Company G, 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry on August 8, 1862. He was wounded on August 30, 1862, at the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky. He was discharged with a Surgeon's Certificate of Disability on November 24, 1862, at Cincinnati, Ohio. He is buried in the old section of the cemetery, Row 15, Grave 3.

Daniel W. Smith (1844-1862) enlisted at age 18 as a private in Company G, 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He was killed at the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, August 30, 1862. He is buried in the old section Row 30, Grave 2.

John W. Smith enlisted at age 18, Company G, 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, on August 2, 1862. He served for three years and was mustered out on August 14, 1865. He is buried in the newer portion of the cemetery, Square 196, Lot 50, Grave 4.

George W. Standish (1839-1864) enlisted at age 23 in Company G, 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He received a Surgeon's Certificate for Disability on January 17, 1863, at Columbus, Ohio. He is buried in the old section, Row 32, Grave 7.

Thomas M. Owen (1836-1911) enlisted as a private, age 23, on April 17, 1861. He was mustered out at Columbus, Ohio, on July 31, 1861.

John Overfield (1836-1911) enlisted as a private, age 25, on January 12, 1861, in Company H, 66th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He reenlisted on December 22, 1861, and remained in service until he was mustered out on July 15, 1865. He is buried in the old section of the cemetery, Row 14, Grave 19.

Minard L. Sessions (1842-1931) enlisted at the age of 19 as a private, January 9, 1861. He reenlisted on September 1, 1861. He mustered out of service on October 10, 1864. He is buried in the old section, Row 35, Grave 1.

Alvaro Smith (1839-1894) was 22 years of age when he enlisted as a private, April 17, 1861. He mustered out on July 31, 1861, in Columbus, Ohio. He is buried in the old section, Row 13, Grave 3.

Curtis D. Smith (1834-1865) enlisted as a private, age 28, on August 19, 1862, with Company F, 45th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He mustered out on May 29, 1865, at Knoxville, Tennessee. He is buried in the old section, Row 6, Grave 10.

Dexter P. Smith (1841-1916) enlisted as a private, age 20, on January 9, 1861. He reenlisted on September 1, 1861. He was promoted to corporal on February 1, 1863. He was mustered out of service on October 10, 1864. He is buried in the old section, Row 17, Grave 3.

Erastus M Smith (1842-1898) enlisted as a corporal on February 5, 1864. He reenlisted on May 6, 1864. He was mustered out of service on August 31, 1864, at Camp Chase, Ohio. He is buried in the old section of the cemetery, Row 8, Grave 9.

Philip A. Smith (1838-1881) enlisted as a musician, age 23, Company Band, 66th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, October 23, 1861. He was mustered out on July 5, 1862. He is buried in the old section, Row 4, Grave 13.

Stephen K. Smith (1822-1901) enlisted at the age of 40 as a private, Company G, 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, on February 8, 1862. He was promoted to First Sergeant on December 8, 1862. He served through the end of the war, and was mustered out on August 14, 1865, at Louisville, Kentucky. He is buried in the old section, Row 26, Grave 27.

Cyrenus Trowbridge enlisted as a private, Company K, 58th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He is buried in the old section, Row 32, Grave 20.

George Ellsworth (1846-1893) enlisted as a private, age 18, in the 134th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, on February 5, 1864. He reenlisted in Company D, 134th Ohio Volunteer Infantry on May 6, 1864. He was mustered out of service on August 31, 1864, at Camp Chase, Ohio. He is buried in the old section of the cemetery, Row 40, Grave 12.

Enlistment lengths varied during the Civil War. Some men - and for that matter, entire units - enlisted for 30-, 60-, or 90-day periods in the initial stages of the war. Some men elected to go home after their initial enlistment periods. Others reenlisted as their enlistments ended. Still others determined to stay on until the war had run its course and the Union was saved. As time passed and the fight became more extensive and prolonged, enlistment periods were lengthened.

The information which appears above has been gleaned through extensive research from official Ohio and federal records of soldiers who served in the Civil War, grave stone inscriptions, obituaries, and other resources. The accuracy of that information is only as good as the original input; errors were often made.

Still being researched are the Civil War service records of the following men from Woodstock, Rush Township, Champaign County, Ohio, who are buried in Woodstock Cemetery:

Joseph Chamberlain (1834-1908), buried in the old section of Woodstock Cemetery, Row 42, Grave 22.
J. S. Foster, buried in the old section, Row 28, Grave 14.
Martin Malia, buried in the old section, Row 40, Grave 24.
Charles W. Marsh (1835-1869), buried in the old section, Row 12, Grave 18.
George S. Marsh, buried in the old section, Row 11, Grave 7.
Enoch McCarty, (1833-1907), buried in the newer section, Square 267, Lot 69.
Ralph Burnham (1831-1894), buried in the old section, Row 11, Grave 3.
F. King (1846-1909), buried in the old section, Row 2, Grave 13.
John Lapham, buried in the old section, Row 42, Grave 4.
Samuel Reiley, buried in the newer section, Square 343, Lot 889.
Cyrus Smith (1813-1890), buried in the old section, Row 13, Grave 2.
Hiram Smith (1814-1898), buried in the old section, Row 16, Grave 10.
S. Stevens, buried in the old section, Row 38, Grave 13.
J. R. Turner, buried in the old section, Row 24, Grave 3.
William Casey, (died in 1883), buried in the old section, Row 37, Grave 30.
William B. Kimball, buried in the old section Row 30, Grave 27.
George W. Hutchinson (1823-1911), buried in the old section, Row 6, Grave 13.

If anyone is aware of an additional name or names which should be added to the list of Civil War veterans who are buried in Woodstock Cemetery, Woodstock, Ohio, please contact me!

An extensive database of Civil War Soldiers and Sailors can be found at Ancestry.com In cooperation with the National Park Service and the National Archives, the Ancestry.com database can be freely accessed until April 14, 2011. You do not have to be a paid subscriber to the Ancestry.com services to access this database. You can also access the 1860 and 1870 U. S. Federal Census free until the April 14th deadline. If you have a Civil War ancestor, this is a good place to research his service record.